WHAT’S SO OBESITY?
Obesity is a condition resulting excessive accumulation of fat in the body. Obesity has been defined as a weight greater than 20% higher than what is considered normal according to the standard tables of age, height and weight or by a complex formula known as “Body mass index” (BMI).
IS SO THE INDEX OF BODY MASS?
Body mass index (BMI) is a measure based on a person’s height and weight. The higher the BMI, the more obese you are. The BMI values apply to men and women regardless of frame size or muscle mass except:
Pregnant women or nursing mothers
Individuals under the age of 16
Seniors fragile or sedentary
How to calculate the BMI
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines the BMI as:
= weight (kg)
Height (m) x (m)
= kg inches x 2.54 = m
The healthy weight range for BMI is 18.5 – 22.9
<18.5 Under weight
18.5 -22.9 Normal and healthy weight
= 23 Overweight
= 30 severely obese
CAUSES OF THE OBESITY
weight is determined in a decisive way by the way it balances the intake of
calories food with the energy you use in
daily activities. If you consume more calories than you use, gain weight. Your
body stores calories that you don’t need energy like fat.
Overeating and lack of physical activity are the main causes of obesity, especially in combination. But many factors contribute to obesity. They are:
Food habit: regular consumption of high calorie foods such as fast food, weight gain contributions. Foods that are high in fat are weak in calories. Loading of sodas, sweets and desserts also promotes weight gain. Foods and beverages like these are high in sugar and calories.
Lifestyle: sedentary people are more likely to gain weight because they do not burn calories through physical activities.
Psychological factors: some people eat too much to cope with problems or face difficult emotions. In some cases, obesity can result an eating disorder. Has been shown. For example, binging for some people releases natural opiates in the brain, providing a sense of well-being and physical pleasure.
Genetics: if one or both of your parents are obese, your chances of being overweight increase by 25 percent to 30 percent. Your genes can influence the amount of body fat you store and where that fat is distributed. But your genetic makeup does not guarantee that you will be obese.
Sex: men have more muscles than women and because muscles burn more calories than burns, men consume up to 20% more calories than women at rest. So for women, achieving a healthy weight can be a tougher challenge.
Age: as we get older, the amount of muscle in the body tends to decrease and fat represents a greater percentage of weight. This lower muscle mass leads to a decrease in metabolism. Your metabolism also naturally slows down with age. People also tend to be less active with advancing age. Together these changes reduce caloric needs. If calories are not reduced by age, it is likely to gain weight.
Cigarette smoking: smokers tend to gain weight after quitting. A weight gain of 6 to 8 pounds is not uncommon. This weight gain can be partly due to the ability of nicotine to increase the speed at which your body burns calories (metabolic rate). When smokers stop, they burn less calories. Smoking also affects taste. Ex-smokers often gain weight because they eat more after they stop. Their food has a better taste and smell.
Pregnancy: after each pregnancy, a woman’s weight increases on average 4 to 6 kilos compared to pre-pregnancy weight. This weight gain can contribute to the development of obesity in women.
Medical problems: over 2% of all cases of obesity can be traced back to medical causes such as low thyroid function, excessive production of hormones by the adrenal glands (Cushing’s syndrome) or other hormonal imbalances. A low metabolic rate is rarely a cause of obesity. A medical problem can also lead to reduced activity that can lead to weight gain.
Indications: corticosteroids and tricyclic antidepressants, in particular, can lead to weight gain.
HEALTH AND SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS
Obesity is more than a cosmetic concern. The human body with its 30 billion and 40 billion fat cells can sustain a little more fat. Fat is important for storing energy and isolating the body among other functions. But after a certain point, body fat can start to interfere with your health.
you are obese, you are more likely to develop a series of potentially serious
health problems. They include:
High blood pressure
Abnormal blood fat
Dissection of the coronary artery
L & # 39; osteoarthritis
Obesity can also contribute to gallstones, solid deposits of cholesterol in the gall bladder and gout, a joint disease.
CHANGE OF BEHAVIORS
lose weight and keep it off, you need to make changes in your life. Changing
your lifestyle is more than changing different foods and putting more activity
into your day. It also means changing your approach to eating and activities,
which means changing the way you think, feel and act.
Research has shown that a number of tools and suggestions are effective in helping you change. Follow these suggestions for change:
Motivated: no one can make you lose weight. Inface, more pressure often people close to you can only make things worse. Similarly, trying to lose weight to satisfy someone else rarely works. Diet and exercise changes to please you.
Make a lifestyle change a priority: while planning to introduce new weight-related lifestyle changes, make sure you have solved other urgent problems in your life. It takes a lot of energy to change habits and you want to be sure you’re focused on the topic in question.
Have a plan: develop a strategy that will gradually change the habits and attitudes that may have weakened your past efforts to lose weight. Choose a defined start date. Consider how often and how much you will exercise. Determine a realistic eating plan that includes lots of water, fruit and vegetables. Write everything about the plan as follows: when and where you will take the steps of your plan, how your plan will fit into your plan, what potential roadblocks and how you will take care of them.
Surround yourself with good examples: when you set your goals, it helps you to surround yourself with examples of goog. Magazines on healthy living and healthy cooking include a lot of real life stories, healthy and easy recipes, exercise tips and interesting facts about fitness.
Avoid food triggers: distracted by the desire to eat with something positive like calling a friend. Practice saying “NO” to unhealthy foods and large portions. Eat when you’re not really hungry when the clock says it’s time to eat. When you eat, focus on eating. Serve your meal on smaller plates to make it look less food less. In general, keep food away sight and do not keep junk food around.
Keep a record: you should weigh yourself while you work to lose weight. Keep a food and activity diary periodically so that you can reinvigorate good habits and discover and behaviors that may need to be improved. Remember that success is not defined only by the actual weight lost. Be sure to track other important health parameters such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels and overall fitness.
Focus on the positive: rather than focusing on what you can’t eat, focus on what you can eat. See what new tastes and activities you can discover to strengthen your health.
Don’t give up: so much in our culture conspire to make you stay overweight. You will have some stops. Don’t expect perfection immediately. But don’t give up. Use relapses to get back on track. Motivate yourself with healthy rewards when you reach your goals.
Dealing with obesity can mean taking a hard look at how you live and making some difficult changes. If you are overweight or obese, you must cultivate a positive attitude before losing those unwanted pounds. With the knowledge, the right attitude, a good plan and MRT Complex, you can and will lose weight safely, quickly and effectively.Next Post